Bulgaria is situated in Southeastern Europe, flanking the Black Sea, amongst Romania and Turkey. It has an aggregate territory of 110,910 sq km, 110,550 sq km of which is arrive; with water containing 360 sq km. this makes Bulgaria somewhat bigger than Tennessee. Bulgaria is circumscribed by Greece, Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, and to wrap things up Turkey. The atmosphere is mild with chilly, soggy winters and hot, dry summers. Bulgaria is rich in bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, coal, timber and arable land. Bulgaria’s area is vital on the grounds that it is close to the Turkish Straits; Bulgaria additionally controls key land courses from Europe to Middle East and Asia. Bulgaria has a populace of 7,385,367 (2006) and a populace development rate of 0.86 for each penny (2006), with 68.7 for every penny between 15-64 years of age.
The Bulgars, a Central Asian Turkic tribe, converged with the neighborhood Slavic occupants in the late seventh century to shape the main Bulgarian state. In succeeding hundreds of years, Bulgaria battled with the Byzantine Empire to state its place in the Balkans, yet before the finish of the fourteenth century the nation was overwhelm by the Ottoman Turks. Northern Bulgaria accomplished self-rule in 1878 and all of Bulgaria ended up noticeably autonomous from the Ottoman Empire in 1908. Bulgaria turned into a People’s Republic in 1946. Bulgaria held its first multiparty race in 1990 with the fall of socialism. It has moved towards vote based system and a free market economy from that point forward. The nation joined NATO in 2004 and the EU in 2007. Bulgaria acknowledges obligatory ICJ purview.
Bulgaria entered the European Union on 1 January 2007. The legislature is focused on financial change and capable monetary arranging. Minerals, including coal, copper, and zinc, assume an imperative part in industry. In 1997, macroeconomic solidness was strengthened by the burden of a settled swapping scale of the lev against the German D-check – the cash is presently settled against the Euro, and the transaction of an IMF standby understanding. Low expansion and relentless advance on auxiliary changes have enhanced the business condition; Bulgaria has arrived at the midpoint of 5.1 for every penny development since 2000 and has started to draw in critical measures of FDI.